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Click on this text to read Full text of "200 Years Together" (Russo-Jewish History)... by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

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Click on this text to watch Gulag: Many Days Many Lives (parts 1-5 of 10)

The Greatest Mass Murderers of all Time were Jews,

says Jewish Columnist

 

In 2006, a remarkable article — and admission — appeared

in the Israeli news source Ynet News. Titled “Stalin’s Jews”

and written by Jewish columnist Sever Plocker, this piece confirmed the

terrible crimes which Jewish Communists had committed under Stalin.

 

 

“We must not forget that some of greatest murderers of modern times were Jewish,”

Plocker started out by saying. He went on to make a number of startling confessions:

 

“Here’s a particularly forlorn historical date: Almost 90 years ago, between the 19th

and 20th of December 1917, in the midst of the Bolshevik revolution and civil war,

Lenin signed a decree calling for the establishment of The All-Russian Extraordinary

Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage, also known as Cheka.

“Within a short period of time, Cheka became the largest and cruelest state security

organization. Its organizational structure was changed every few years, as were its

names: From Cheka to GPU, later to NKVD, and later to KGB.

 

“We cannot know with certainty the number of deaths Cheka was responsible for in its

various manifestations, but the number is surely at least 20 million, including victims

of the forced collectivization, the hunger, large purges, expulsions, banishments,

executions, and mass death at Gulags.

 

“Whole population strata were eliminated: Independent farmers, ethnic minorities, members

of the bourgeoisie, senior officers, intellectuals, artists, labor movement activists,

“opposition members” who were defined completely randomly, and countless members

of the Communist party itself.

 

 

“In his new, highly praised book The War of the World, Historian Niall Ferguson writes

that no revolution in the history of mankind devoured its children with the same unrestrained

appetite as did the Soviet revolution. In his book on the Stalinist purges, Tel Aviv University’s

Dr. Igal Halfin writes that Stalinist violence was unique in that it was directed internally.

 

“Lenin, Stalin, and their successors could not have carried out their deeds without

wide-scale cooperation of disciplined ‘terror officials,’ cruel interrogators, snitches,

executioners, guards, judges, perverts, and many bleeding hearts who were members of

the progressive Western Left and were deceived by the Soviet regime of horror and

even provided it with a kosher certificate.

 

“And us, the Jews? An Israeli student finishes high school without ever hearing the name

Genrikh Yagoda, the greatest Jewish murderer of the 20th Century, the GPU’s deputy

commander and the founder and commander of the NKVD. “Yagoda diligently implemented

Stalin’s collectivization orders and is responsible for the deaths of at least 10 million people.

“His Jewish deputies established and managed the Gulag system. After Stalin no longer

viewed him favorably, Yagoda was demoted and executed, and was replaced as chief hangman

in 1936 by Yezhov, the “bloodthirsty dwarf.”

The Jew Genrikh Yagoda, director of the NKVD, the Soviet Union’s Stalin-era security and intelligence agency.

 

“Yezhov was not Jewish but was blessed with an active Jewish wife. In his book Stalin:

Court of the Red Star, Jewish historian Sebag Montefiore writes that during the darkest

period of terror, when the Communist killing machine worked in full force, Stalin was

surrounded by beautiful, young Jewish women.

 

“Stalin’s close associates and loyalists included member of the Central Committee and

Politburo Lazar Kaganovich. Montefiore characterizes him as the “first Stalinist” and

adds that those starving to death in Ukraine, an unparalleled tragedy in the history of

human kind, did not move Kaganovich. “Many Jews sold their soul to the devil of the

Communist revolution and have blood on their hands for eternity. We’ll mention just one more:

Leonid Reichman, head of the NKVD’s special department and the organization’s chief

interrogator, who was a particularly cruel sadist.

Yagoda (center) inspecting the construction of the Moscow-Volga canal, built by slave labor from the Gulags.

 

 

“In 1934, according to published statistics, 38.5 percent of those holding the most senior

posts in the Soviet security apparatuses were of Jewish origin. Even if we deny it, we

cannot escape the Jewishness of ‘our hangmen,’  who served the Red Terror with loyalty

and dedication from its establishment. After all, others will always remind us of their origin.”

 

 

The Gulags: Jewish-Run Concentration Camps

 

As mentioned above, the infamous Soviet Gulags were under the direct control of the

Jew Yagoda. He was not the only such Jew involved in the running of these camps, in which

millions were interned and nearly 1.4 million died.

 

The most famous revelation about the Jewish nature of the Gulags was that of

famous dissident Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Speaking from personal experience as a Gulag

prisoner, Solzhenitsyn gave a candid account of Jews in charge of the Soviet prison camps

in his book, Two Hundred Years Together. According to his observations, Jews

made up a clear preponderance in the Gulag administration and in the early

Bolshevist government, saying that of the 22 ministers in the first Soviet government

three were Russian, one Georgian, one Armenian and 17 were Jews. In addition, he points

out, from personal experience once again, that “two thirds of the Kiev Cheka” (secret police) were Jews.

In 1937, another book appeared in Germany called Jewish-Run Concentration Camps in the Soviet Union,

which revealed that Communist Jews were the commandants of 11 out of the 12 main Gulags.

 

______________________________________________________________________

 

Investigation Into Last Russian Tsar and His Family’s Execution is Still Making Discoveries 102 Years On
J. Tickle – RT

It may have happened a century ago, but Russia's Investigative Committee is still uncovering new details about the execution of the country's last imperial family, the Romanovs. Marina Molodtsova, a senior investigator, explained to newspaper Izvestia that it is now possible to identify some of the participants involved in the killing. When the investigation is complete, their names will be revealed. On the night of July 16, 1918, Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra and five children, along with some members of their entourage, were shot and bayonetted to death by communist revolutionaries. While there are many known details about their execution and the aftermath of their death, the full picture is yet to be uncovered.
Forest Bones Confirmed to Be Those of Last Tsar of Russia and the Romanov Family
Deutsche Welle (Germany)

Human remains discovered in a forest near the Russian city of Yekaterinburg belongs to the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II and members of his family, the Russian Investigative Committee announced on Friday in a statement. Since renewing investigations, the Committee has carried out about 37 different forensic examinations … Research is still ongoing, including investigations into how the Russian imperial family was killed. Nicholas II, his German-born wife Alexandra Feodorovna, and their five children, Anastasia, Maria, Tatiana, Olga and Alexei, were executed by the Bolsheviks in 1918 in the midst of the Russian Revolution. The Russian Orthodox Church had recognized the ex-tsar as a martyred saint in 1981.
Was the Bolshevik Revolution a Jewish Plot?
A. Asa-El - The Jerusalem Post (Israel)

... Lenin’s deputies Lev Kamenev (originally Rozenfeld) and Grigory Zinoviev (born Hirsch Apfelbaum) and his treasurer Grigori Sokolnikov (Girsh Yankelevich Brilliant) were all Jews, as were Karl Radek (Sobelsohn), co-writer of the Soviet Constitution, Maxim Litvinov (Meir Henoch Wallach-Finkelstein), foreign minister of the USSR ... Most proverbially, a Jew – Yakov Sverdlov – oversaw the nighttime execution of Czar Nikolai, Empress Alexandra, and their five children. Jewish revolutionaries were prominent beyond Russia as well ... In Poland, two of the three Stalinists who led its transition to communism – Hilary Minc, who collectivized its economy, and Jakub Berman, who headed its secret police – were Jews. The revolution, in short, was so crowded with Jews that one had to wonder whether “the Jews” were inherently revolutionary.
Communism’s Death Toll, and the Jewish Role in Bolshevism
Mark Weber – Podcast

We’re relentlessly told that we must “never forget” the “Six Million.” But we hear far less about the vastly greater number of victims of Lenin and Stalin, and the grim legacy of Soviet Communism. Some 20 million people perished as victims of the Soviet regime, historians acknowledge. Jews played a decisive role in founding and promoting the egalitarian-universalist ideology of Marxism, in developing the worldwide Marxist political movement, and in brutally imposing Bolshevik rule in Russia. With the notable exception of Lenin, who was one-quarter Jewish, most of the leading Marxists who took control of Russia in 1917-20 were Jews, including Trotsky, Sverdlov, Zinoviev, Kamenev and Radek.

 

 

 
 
 
Solzhenitsyn's Look at Russian-Jewish History: The End of the Legends

It may be said without hesitation that Alexander Solzhenitsyn's Two Hundred Years Together.
The Jews in the Soviet Union is one of the most important books on the Russian Revolution
and the early Bolshevik period ever to appear. After publication of this work with its many
revelations about the role of the Jews during the Leninist period, the history of the Bolshevik
October putsch will have to be rewritten, if not completely, then with substantial additions.
The book title might have been even more appropriately called "The End of the Legends."

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

The Jewish Role in the Bolshevik Revolution
and Russia's Early Soviet Regime

 

Assessing the Grim Legacy of Soviet Communism

 

by Mark Weber

 

In the night of July 16-17, 1918, a squad of Bolshevik secret police murdered Russia's last

emperor, Tsar Nicholas II, along with his wife, Tsaritsa Alexandra, their 14-year-old son,

Tsarevich Alexis, and their four daughters. They were cut down in a hail of gunfire in a

half-cellar room of the house in Ekaterinburg, a city in the Ural mountain region, where they

were being held prisoner. The daughters were finished off with bayonets. To prevent a cult

for the dead Tsar, the bodies were carted away to the countryside and hastily buried in a secret grave.

 

Bolshevik authorities at first reported that the Romanov emperor had been shot after the

discovery of a plot to liberate him. For some time the deaths of the Empress and the children

were kept secret. Soviet historians claimed for many years that local Bolsheviks had acted on

their own in carrying out the killings, and that Lenin, founder of the Soviet state, had nothing

to do with the crime.

 

In 1990, Moscow playwright and historian Edvard Radzinsky announced the result of

his detailed investigation into the murders. He unearthed the reminiscences of Lenin's

bodyguard, Alexei Akimov, who recounted how he personally delivered Lenin's execution

order to the telegraph office. The telegram was also signed by Soviet government chief

Yakov Sverdlov. Akimov had saved the original telegraph tape as a record of the secret order.1

 

Radzinsky's research confirmed what earlier evidence had already indicated. Leon

Trotsky -- one of Lenin's closest colleagues -- had revealed years earlier that Lenin and

Sverdlov had together made the decision to put the Tsar and his family to death. Recalling a

conversation in 1918, Trotsky wrote:2

 

My next visit to Moscow took place after the [temporary] fall of Ekaterinburg [to

anti-Communist forces]. Speaking with Sverdlov, I asked in passing: "Oh yes, and where is the Tsar?"

 

 

"Finished," he replied. "He has been shot."

 

"And where is the family?"

 

"The family along with him."

 

 

"All of them?," I asked, apparently with a trace of surprise.

 

"All of them," replied Sverdlov. "What about it?"

He was waiting to see my reaction. I made no reply.

 

"And who made the decision?," I asked.

 

"We decided it here. Ilyich [Lenin] believed that we shouldn't leave the Whites a

live banner to rally around, especially under the present difficult circumstances."

 

I asked no further questions and considered the matter closed.

 

Recent research and investigation by Radzinsky and others also corroborates the account

provided years earlier by Robert Wilton, correspondent of the London Times in Russia for

17 years. His account, The Last Days of the Romanovs - originally published in 1920, and

reissued in 1993 by the Institute for Historical Review -- is based in large part on the findings

of a detailed investigation carried out in 1919 by Nikolai Sokolov under the authority of "White"

(anti-Communist) leader Alexander Kolchak. Wilton's book remains one of the most

accurate and complete accounts of the murder of Russia's imperial family.3

 

A solid understanding of history has long been the best guide to comprehending the

present and anticipating the future. Accordingly, people are most interested in historical

questions during times of crisis, when the future seems most uncertain. With the collapse

of Communist rule in the Soviet Union, 1989-1991, and as Russians struggle to build a new

order on the ruins of the old, historical issues have become very topical. For example,

many ask: How did the Bolsheviks, a small movement guided by the teachings of German-Jewish

social philosopher Karl Marx, succeed in taking control of Russia

and imposing a cruel and despotic regime on its people?

 

In recent years, Jews around the world have been voicing anxious concern over the specter

of anti-Semitism in the lands of the former Soviet Union. In this new and uncertain era, we

are told, suppressed feelings of hatred and rage against Jews are once again being

expressed. According to one public opinion survey conducted in 1991, for example,

most Russians wanted all Jews to leave the country.4 But precisely why is anti-Jewish

sentiment so widespread among the peoples of the former Soviet Union? Why do so

many Russians, Ukrainians, Lithuanians and others blame "the Jews" for so much misfortune?

 

A Taboo Subject

 

Although officially Jews have never made up more than five percent of the country's total

population,5 they played a highly disproportionate and probably decisive role in the infant

Bolshevik regime, effectively dominating the Soviet government during its early years.

Soviet historians, along with most of their colleagues in the West, for decades

preferred to ignore this subject. The facts, though, cannot be denied.

 

With the notable exception of Lenin (Vladimir Ulyanov), most of the leading Communists

who took control of Russia in 1917-20 were Jews. Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronstein) headed

the Red Army and, for a time, was chief of Soviet foreign affairs. Yakov Sverdlov (Solomon)

was both the Bolshevik party's executive secretary and -- as chairman of the Central

Executive Committee -- head of the Soviet government. Grigori Zinoviev (Radomyslsky)

headed the Communist International (Comintern), the central agency for spreading

revolution in foreign countries. Other prominent Jews included press commissar Karl

Radek (Sobelsohn), foreign affairs commissar Maxim Litvinov (Wallach), Lev Kamenev

(Rosenfeld) and Moisei Uritsky.6

 

Lenin himself was of mostly Russian and Kalmuck ancestry, but he was also one-quarter

Jewish. His maternal grandfather, Israel (Alexander) Blank, was a

Ukrainian Jew who was later baptized into the Russian Orthodox Church.7

 

A thorough-going internationalist, Lenin viewed ethnic or cultural loyalties with contempt.

He had little regard for his own countrymen. "An intelligent Russian," he once remarked,

"is almost always a Jew or someone with Jewish blood in his veins."8

 

Critical Meetings

 

In the Communist seizure of power in Russia, the Jewish role was probably critical.

 

Two weeks prior to the Bolshevik "October Revolution" of 1917, Lenin convened a top

secret meeting in St. Petersburg (Petrograd) at which the key leaders of the Bolshevik party's

Central Committee made the fateful decision to seize power in a violent takeover.

Of the twelve persons who took part in this decisive gathering, there were four Russians

(including Lenin), one Georgian (Stalin), one Pole (Dzerzhinsky), and six Jews.9

 

To direct the takeover, a seven-man "Political Bureau" was chosen. It consisted of two

Russians (Lenin and Bubnov), one Georgian (Stalin), and four Jews (Trotsky, Sokolnikov,

Zinoviev, and Kamenev).10 Meanwhile, the Petersburg (Petrograd) Soviet -- whose chairman

was Trotsky -- established an 18-member "Military Revolutionary Committee" to actually

carry out the seizure of power. It included eight (or nine) Russians, one Ukrainian, one Pole,

one Caucasian, and six Jews.11 Finally, to supervise the organization of the uprising, the

Bolshevik Central Committee established a five-man "Revolutionary Military Center" as the

Party's operations command. It consisted of one Russian (Bubnov), one Georgian

(Stalin), one Pole (Dzerzhinsky), and two Jews (Sverdlov and Uritsky).12

 

Contemporary Voices of Warning

 

Well-informed observers, both inside and outside of Russia, took note at the time of

the crucial Jewish role in Bolshevism. Winston Churchill, for one, warned in an article

published in the February 8, 1920, issue of the London Illustrated Sunday Herald that

Bolshevism is a "worldwide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilization and for the

reconstitution of society on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence,

and impossible equality." The eminent British political leader and historian went on to write:13

 

There is no need to exaggerate the part played in the creation of Bolshevism and in

the actual bringing about of the Russian Revolution by these international and for the

most part atheistical Jews. It is certainly a very great one; it probably outweighs all others.

With the notable exception of Lenin, the majority of the leading figures are Jews.

Moreover, the principal inspiration and driving power comes from the Jewish leaders.

Thus Tchitcherin, a pure Russian, is eclipsed by his nominal subordinate, Litvinoff,

and the influence of Russians like Bukharin or Lunacharski cannot be compared with

the power of Trotsky, or of Zinovieff, the Dictator of the Red Citadel (Petrograd), or

of Krassin or Radek -- all Jews. In the Soviet institutions the predominance of Jews

is even more astonishing. And the prominent, if not indeed the principal, part in the

system of terrorism applied by the Extraordinary Commissions for Combatting

Counter-Revolution [the Cheka] has been taken by Jews, and in some notable

cases by Jewesses.

 

Needless to say, the most intense passions of revenge

have been excited in the breasts of the Russian people.

 

David R. Francis, United States ambassador in Russia, warned in a January 1918

dispatch to Washington: "The Bolshevik leaders here, most of whom are Jews and

90 percent of whom are returned exiles, care little for Russia or any other country

but are internationalists and they are trying to start a worldwide social revolution."14

 

The Netherlands' ambassador in Russia, Oudendyke, made much the same point a few

months later: "Unless Bolshevism is nipped in the bud immediately, it is bound to spread

in one form or another over Europe and the whole world as it is organized and worked by

Jews who have no nationality, and whose one object is to destroy for their own ends

the existing order of things."15

 

"The Bolshevik Revolution," declared a leading American Jewish community paper in

1920, "was largely the product of Jewish thinking, Jewish discontent, Jewish effort to

reconstruct."16

 

As an expression of its radically anti-nationalist character, the fledgling Soviet government

issued a decree a few months after taking power that made anti-Semitism a crime in

Russia. The new Communist regime thus became the first in the world to severely punish

all expressions of anti-Jewish sentiment.17 Soviet officials apparently regarded such

measures as indispensable. Based on careful observation during a lengthy stay in Russia,

American-Jewish scholar Frank Golder reported in 1925 that "because so many of the

Soviet leaders are Jews anti-Semitism is gaining [in Russia], particularly in the army [and]

among the old and new intelligentsia who are being crowded for positions by the sons of Israel."18

 

Historians' Views

 

Summing up the situation at that time, Israeli historian Louis Rapoport writes:19

 

Immediately after the [Bolshevik] Revolution, many Jews were euphoric over their

high representation in the new government. Lenin's first Politburo was dominated

by men of Jewish origins.

 

Under Lenin, Jews became involved in all aspects of the Revolution, including its

dirtiest work. Despite the Communists' vows to eradicate anti-Semitism, it spread

rapidly after the Revolution -- partly because of the prominence of so many Jews in

the Soviet administration, as well as in the traumatic, inhuman Sovietization drives

that followed. Historian Salo Baron has noted that an immensely disproportionate

number of Jews joined the new Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka And many

of those who fell afoul of the Cheka would be shot by Jewish investigators.

 

The collective leadership that emerged in Lenin's dying days was headed by the

Jew Zinoviev, a loquacious, mean-spirited, curly-haired Adonis whose vanity knew no bounds.

 

"Anyone who had the misfortune to fall into the hands of the Cheka," wrote Jewish

historian Leonard Schapiro, "stood a very good chance of finding himself confronted

with, and possibly shot by, a Jewish investigator."20 In Ukraine, "Jews made up nearly

80 percent of the rank-and-file Cheka agents," reports W. Bruce Lincoln, an American

professor of Russian history.21 (Beginning as the Cheka, or Vecheka) the Soviet

secret police was later known as the GPU, OGPU, NKVD, MVD and KGB.)

 

In light of all this, it should not be surprising that Yakov M. Yurovksy, the leader of the

Bolshevik squad that carried out the murder of the Tsar and his family, was

Jewish, as was Sverdlov, the Soviet chief who co-signed Lenin's execution order.22

 

Igor Shafarevich, a Russian mathematician of world stature, has sharply criticized the Jewish

role in bringing down the Romanov monarchy and establishing Communist rule in his

country. Shafarevich was a leading dissident during the final decades of Soviet rule. A

prominent human rights activist, he was a founding member of the Committee on the

Defense of Human Rights in the USSR.

 

In Russophobia, a book written ten years before the collapse of Communist rule, he

noted that Jews were "amazingly" numerous among the personnel of the Bolshevik

secret police. The characteristic Jewishness of the Bolshevik executioners,

Shafarevich went on, is most conspicuous in the execution of Nicholas II:23

 

This ritual action symbolized the end of centuries of Russian history, so that it can

be compared only to the execution of Charles I in England or Louis XVI in France.

It would seem that representatives of an insignificant ethnic minority should keep as

far as possible from this painful action, which would reverberate in all history. Yet

what names do we meet? The execution was personally overseen by Yakov Yurovsky

who shot the Tsar; the president of the local Soviet was Beloborodov (Vaisbart);

the person responsible for the general administration in Ekaterinburg was Shaya

Goloshchekin. To round out the picture, on the wall of the room where the execution

took place was a distich from a poem by Heine (written in German)

about King Balthazar, who offended Jehovah and was killed for the offense.

 

In his 1920 book, British veteran journalist Rober

t Wilton offered a similarly harsh assessment:24

 

The whole record of Bolshevism in Russia is indelibly impressed with the stamp of

alien invasion. The murder of the Tsar, deliberately planned by the Jew Sverdlov

(who came to Russia as a paid agent of Germany) and carried out by the Jews

Goloshchekin, Syromolotov, Safarov, Voikov and Yurovsky, is the act not of the

Russian people, but of this hostile invader.

 

In the struggle for power that followed Lenin's death in 1924, Stalin emerged victorious

over his rivals, eventually succeeding in putting to death nearly every one of the most

prominent early Bolsheviks leaders - including Trotsky, Zinoviev, Radek, and Kamenev.

With the passage of time, and particularly after 1928, the Jewish role in the top

leadership of the Soviet state and its Communist party diminished markedly.

 

Put To Death Without Trial

 

For a few months after taking power, Bolshevik leaders considered bringing "Nicholas

Romanov" before a "Revolutionary Tribunal" that would publicize his "crimes against

the people" before sentencing him to death. Historical precedent existed for this. Two

European monarchs had lost their lives as a consequence of revolutionary upheaval:

England's Charles I was beheaded in 1649, and France's Louis XVI was guillotined in 1793.

 

In these cases, the king was put to death after a lengthy public trial, during which he

was allowed to present arguments in his defense. Nicholas II, though, was neither charged

nor tried. He was secretly put to death - along with his family and staff -- in the dead of

night, in an act that resembled more a gangster-style massacre than a formal execution.

 

Why did Lenin and Sverdlov abandon plans for a show trial of the former Tsar? In Wilton's

view, Nicholas and his family were murdered because the Bolshevik rulers knew quite well

that they lacked genuine popular support, and rightly feared that the Russian people

would never approve killing the Tsar, regardless of pretexts and legalistic formalities.

 

For his part, Trotsky defended the massacre as a

useful and even necesssary measure. He wrote:25

 

The decision [to kill the imperial family] was not only expedient but necessary. The

severity of this punishment showed everyone that we would continue to fight on

mercilessly, stopping at nothing. The execution of the Tsar's family was needed not

only in order to frighten, horrify, and instill a sense of hopelessness in the enemy but

also to shake up our own ranks, to show that there was no turning back,

that ahead lay either total victory or total doom. This Lenin sensed well.

 

Historical Context

 

In the years leading up to the 1917 revolution, Jews were disproportionately represented

in all of Russia's subversive leftist parties.26 Jewish hatred of the Tsarist regime had a

basis in objective conditions. Of the leading European powers of the day, imperial

Russia was the most institutionally conservative and anti-Jewish. For example, Jews were

normally not permitted to reside outside a large area in the

west of the Empire known as the "Pale of Settlement."27

 

However understandable, and perhaps even defensible, Jewish hostility toward the imperial

regime may have been, the remarkable Jewish role in the vastly more despotic Soviet

regime is less easy to justify. In a recently published book about the Jews in Russia during

the 20th century, Russian-born Jewish writer Sonya Margolina goes so far as to call the

Jewish role in supporting the Bolshevik regime the "historic sin of the Jews."28 She

points, for example, to the prominent role of Jews as commandants of Soviet Gulag

concentration and labor camps, and the role of Jewish Communists in the systematic

destruction of Russian churches. Moreover, she goes on, "The Jews of the entire

world supported Soviet power, and remained silent in the face of any criticism

from the opposition." In light of this record, Margolina offers a grim prediction:

 

The exaggeratedly enthusiastic participation of the Jewish Bolsheviks in the

subjugation and destruction of Russia is a sin that will be avenged Soviet power

will be equated with Jewish power, and the furious hatred against the Bolsheviks will

become hatred against Jews.

 

If the past is any indication, it is unlikely that many Russians will seek the revenge that

Margolina prophecies. Anyway, to blame "the Jews" for the horrors of Communism seems

no more justifiable than to blame "white people" for Negro slavery,

or "the Germans" for the Second World War or "the Holocaust."

 

Words of Grim Portent

 

Nicholas and his family are only the best known of countless victims of a regime that

openly proclaimed its ruthless purpose. A few weeks after the

Ekaterinburg massacre, the newspaper of the fledgling Red Army declared:29

 

Without mercy, without sparing, we will kill our enemies by the scores of hundreds,

let them be thousands, let them drown themselves in their own blood. For the blood

of Lenin and Uritskii let there be floods of blood of the bourgeoisie -- more blood, as

much as possible.

 

Grigori Zinoviev, speaking at a meeting of Communists in September 1918, effectively

pronounced a death sentence on ten million human beings: "We must carry along with

us 90 million out of the 100 million of Soviet Russia's inhabitants. As for

the rest, we have nothing to say to them. They must be annihilated."30

 

'The Twenty Million'

 

As it turned out, the Soviet toll in human lives and suffering proved to be much higher

than Zinoviev's murderous rhetoric suggested. Rarely, if ever, has a regime taken the

lives of so many of its own people.31

 

Citing newly-available Soviet KGB documents, historian Dmitri Volkogonov, head of a special

Russian parliamentary commission, recently concluded that "from 1929 to 1952, 21.5

million [Soviet] people were repressed. Of these a third were shot, the rest sentenced to

imprisonment, where many also died."32

 

Olga Shatunovskaya, a member of the Soviet Commission of Party Control, and head

of a special commission during the 1960s appointed by premier Khrushchev, has similarly

concluded: "From January 1, 1935 to June 22, 1941, 19,840,000 enemies of the people

were arrested. Of these, seven million were shot in prison, and a majority of the others

died in camp." These figures were also found in the papers of Politburo member Anastas Mikoyan.33

 

Robert Conquest, the distinguished specialist of Soviet history, recently

summed up the grim record of Soviet "repression" of it own people:34

 

It is hard to avoid the conclusion that the post-1934 death toll was well over ten

million. To this should be added the victims of the 1930-1933 famine, the kulak

deportations, and other anti-peasant campaigns, amounting to another ten million

plus. The total is thus in the range of what the Russians now refer to as 'The Twenty Million'."

 

A few other scholars have given significantly higher estimates.35

 

The Tsarist Era in Retrospect

 

With the dramatic collapse of Soviet rule, many Russians are taking a new and more

respectful look at their country's pre-Communist history, including the era of the last

Romanov emperor. While the Soviets -- along with many in the West -- have stereotypically

portrayed this era as little more than an age of arbitrary despotism, cruel suppression

and mass poverty, the reality is rather different. While it is true that the power of the

Tsar was absolute, that only a small minority had any significant political voice, and that

the mass of the empire's citizens were peasants, it is worth noting that Russians

during the reign of Nicholas II had freedom of press, religion, assembly and association,

protection of private property, and free labor unions. Sworn enemies

of the regime, such as Lenin, were treated with remarkable leniency.36

 

During the decades prior to the outbreak of the First World War, the Russian economy

was booming. In fact, between 1890 and 1913, it was the fastest growing in the world.

New rail lines were opened at an annual rate double that of the Soviet years. Between

1900 and 1913, iron production increased by 58 percent, while coal production more than

doubled.37 Exported Russian grain fed all of Europe. Finally, the last

decades of Tsarist Russia witnessed a magnificent flowering of cultural life.

 

Everything changed with the First World War, a catastrophe not only for Russia, but

for the entire West.

 

Monarchist Sentiment

 

In spite of (or perhaps because of) the relentless official campaign during the entire

Soviet era to stamp out every uncritical memory of the Romanovs and imperial Russia,

a virtual cult of popular veneration for Nicholas II has been sweeping Russia in recent years.

 

People have been eagerly paying the equivalent of several hours' wages to purchase

portraits of Nicholas from street vendors in Moscow, St. Petersburg and other Russian

cities. His portrait now hangs in countless Russian homes and apartments. In late 1990,

all 200,000 copies of a first printing of a 30-page pamphlet on the Romanovs quickly

sold out. Said one street vendor: "I personally sold four thousand copies in no time at all.

It's like a nuclear explosion. People really want to know about their Tsar and his family."

Grass roots pro-Tsarist and monarchist organizations have sprung up in many cities.

 

A public opinion poll conducted in 1990 found that three out of four Soviet citizens

surveyed regard the killing of the Tsar and his family as a despicable crime.38 Many

Russian Orthodox believers regard Nicholas as a martyr. The independent "Orthodox

Church Abroad" canonized the imperial family in 1981, and the Moscow-based Russian

Orthodox Church has been under popular pressure to take the same step, in spite of its

long-standing reluctance to touch this official taboo. The Russian Orthodox Archbishop

of Ekaterinburg announced plans in 1990 to build a grand church at the site of the killings.

"The people loved Emperor Nicholas," he said. "His memory lives with the people, not as

a saint but as someone executed without court verdict, unjustly, as a sufferer for his faith

and for orthodoxy."39

 

On the 75th anniversary of the massacre (in July 1993), Russians recalled the life, death

and legacy of their last Emperor. In Ekaterinburg, where a large white cross festooned with

flowers now marks the spot where the family was killed, mourners

wept as hymns were sung and prayers were said for the victims.40

 

Reflecting both popular sentiment and new social-political realities, the white, blue and

red horizontal tricolor flag of Tsarist Russia was officially adopted in 1991, replacing

the red Soviet banner. And in 1993, the imperial two-headed eagle was restored as the

nation's official emblem, replacing the Soviet hammer and sickle. Cities that had been

re-named to honor Communist figures -- such as Leningrad, Kuibyshev, Frunze, Kalinin,

and Gorky -- have re-acquired their Tsarist-era names. Ekaterinburg, which had been

named Sverdlovsk by the Soviets in 1924 in honor of the Soviet-Jewish chief, in

September 1991 restored its pre-Communist name, which honors Empress Catherine I.

 

Symbolic Meaning

 

In view of the millions that would be put to death by the Soviet rulers in the years to

follow, the murder of the Romanov family might not seem of extraordinary importance.

And yet, the event has deep symbolic meaning. In the apt words of Harvard University

historian Richard Pipes:41

 

The manner in which the massacre was prepared and carried out, at first denied

and then justified, has something uniquely odious about it, something that radically

distinguishes it from previous acts of regicide and brands it as a prelude to twentieth-century

mass murder.

 

Another historian, Ivor Benson, characterized the killing of the Romanov family as

symbolic of the tragic fate of Russia and, indeed, of the entire West, in this century of

unprecedented agony and conflict.

 

The murder of the Tsar and his family is all the more deplorable because, whatever his

failings as a monarch, Nicholas II was, by all accounts, a personally decent, generous,

humane and honorable man.

 

The Massacre's Place in History

 

The mass slaughter and chaos of the First World War, and the revolutionary upheavals

that swept Europe in 1917-1918, brought an end not only to the ancient Romanov

dynasty in Russia, but to an entire continental social order. Swept away as well was the

Hohenzollern dynasty in Germany, with its stable constitutional monarchy, and the ancient

Habsburg dynasty of Austria-Hungary with its multinational central European empire.

Europe's leading states shared not only the same Christian and Western cultural foundations,

but most of the continent's reigning monarchs were related by blood. England's King

George was, through his mother, a first cousin of Tsar Nicholas, and, through his father,

a first cousin of Empress Alexandra. Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm was a first

cousin of the German-born Alexandra, and a distant cousin of Nicholas.

 

More than was the case with the monarchies of western Europe, Russia's Tsar personally

symbolized his land and nation. Thus, the murder of the last emperor of a dynasty that had

ruled Russia for three centuries not only symbolically presaged the Communist mass

slaughter that would claim so many Russian lives in the decades that followed, but

was symbolic of the Communist effort to kill the soul and spirit of Russia itself.


 

 

Notes

     
  1. Edvard Radzinksy, The Last Tsar (New York: Doubleday, 1992), pp. 327, 344-346.; Bill Keller, "Cult of the Last Czar," The New York Times, Nov. 21, 1990.
  2. From an April 1935 entry in "Trotsky's Diary in Exile." Quoted in: Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (New York: Knopf, 1990), pp. 770, 787.; Robert K. Massie, Nicholas and Alexandra (New York: 1976), pp. 496-497.; E. Radzinksy, The Last Tsar (New York: Doubleday, 1992), pp. 325-326.; Ronald W. Clark, Lenin (New York: 1988), pp. 349-350.
  3. On Wilton and his career in Russia, see: Phillip Knightley, The First Casualty (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976), pp. 141-142, 144-146, 151-152, 159, 162, 169, and, Anthony Summers and Tom Mangold, The File on the Tsar (New York: Harper and Row, 1976), pp. 102-104, 176.
  4. AP dispatch from Moscow, Toronto Star, Sept. 26, 1991, p. A2.; Similarly, a 1992 survey found that one-fourth of people in the republics of Belarus (White Russia) and Uzbekistan favored deporting all Jews to a special Jewish region in Russian Siberia. "Survey Finds Anti-Semitism on Rise in Ex-Soviet Lands," Los Angeles Times, June 12, 1992, p. A4.
  5. At the turn of the century, Jews made up 4.2 percent of the population of the Russian Empire. Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (New York: 1990), p. 55 (fn.).
    By comparison, in the United States today, Jews make up less than three percent of the total population (according to the most authoritative estimates).
  6. See individual entries in: H. Shukman, ed., The Blackwell Encyclopedia of the Russian Revolution (Oxford: 1988), and in: G. Wigoder, ed., Dictionary of Jewish Biography (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991).
    The prominent Jewish role in Russia's pre-1914 revolutionary underground, and in the early Soviet regime, is likewise confirmed in: Stanley Rothman and S. Robert Lichter, Roots of Radicalism (New York: Oxford, 1982), pp. 92-94.
    In 1918, the Bolshevik Party's Central Committee had 15 members. German scholar Herman Fehst -- citing published Soviet records -- reported in his useful 1934 study that of six of these 15 were Jews. Herman Fehst, Bolschewismus und Judentum: Das jüdische Element in der Führerschaft des Bolschewismus (Berlin: 1934), pp. 68-72.; Robert Wilton, though, reported that in 1918 the Central Committee of the Bolshevik party had twelve members, of whom nine were of Jewish origin and three were of Russian ancestry. R. Wilton, The Last Days of the Romanovs (IHR, 1993), p. 185.
  7. After years of official suppression, this fact was acknowledged in 1991 in the Moscow weekly Ogonyok. See: Jewish Chronicle (London), July 16, 1991.; See also: Letter by L. Horwitz in The New York Times, Aug. 5, 1992, which cites information from the Russian journal "Native Land Archives."; "Lenin's Lineage?"'Jewish,' Claims Moscow News," Forward (New York City), Feb. 28, 1992, pp. 1, 3.; M. Checinski, Jerusalem Post (weekly international edition), Jan. 26, 1991, p. 9.
  8. Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (New York: Knopf, 1990), p. 352.
  9. Harrison E. Salisbury, Black Night, White Snow: Russia's Revolutions, 1905-1917 (Doubleday, 1978), p. 475.; William H. Chamberlin, The Russian Revolution (Princeton Univ. Press, 1987), vol. 1, pp. 291-292.; Herman Fehst, Bolschewismus und Judentum: Das jüdische Element in der Führerschaft des Bolschewismus (Berlin: 1934), pp. 42-43.; P. N. Pospelov, ed., Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: A Biography (Moscow: Progress, 1966), pp. 318-319.
    This meeting was held on October 10 (old style, Julian calendar), and on October 23 (new style). The six Jews who took part were: Uritsky, Trotsky, Kamenev, Zinoviev, Sverdlov and Soklonikov.
    The Bolsheviks seized power in Petersburg on October 25 (old style) -- hence the reference to the "Great October Revolution" -- which is November 7 (new style).
  10. William H. Chamberlin, The Russian Revolution (1987), vol. 1, p. 292.; H. E. Salisbury, Black Night, White Snow: Russia's Revolutions, 1905-1917 (1978), p. 475.
  11. W. H. Chamberlin, The Russian Revolution, vol. 1, pp. 274, 299, 302, 306.; Alan Moorehead, The Russian Revolution (New York: 1965), pp. 235, 238, 242, 243, 245.; H. Fehst, Bolschewismus und Judentum (Berlin: 1934), pp. 44, 45.
  12. H. E. Salisbury, Black Night, White Snow: Russia's Revolutions, 1905-1917 (1978), p. 479-480.; Dmitri Volkogonov, Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy (New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1991), pp. 27-28, 32.; P. N. Pospelov, ed., Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: A Biography (Moscow: Progress, 1966), pp. 319-320.
  13. "Zionism versus Bolshevism: A struggle for the soul of the Jewish people," Illustrated Sunday Herald (London), February 8, 1920. Facsimile reprint in: William Grimstad, The Six Million Reconsidered (1979), p. 124. (At the time this essay was published, Churchill was serving as minister of war and air.)
  14. David R. Francis, Russia from the American Embassy (New York: 1921), p. 214.
  15. Foreign Relations of the United States -- 1918 -- Russia, Vol. 1 (Washington, DC: 1931), pp. 678-679.
  16. American Hebrew (New York), Sept. 1920. Quoted in: Nathan Glazer and Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot (Cambridge, Mass.: 1963), p. 268.
  17. C. Jacobson, "Jews in the USSR" in: American Review on the Soviet Union, August 1945, p. 52.; Avtandil Rukhadze, Jews in the USSR: Figures, Facts, Comment (Moscow: Novosti, 1978), pp. 10-11.
  18. T. Emmons and B. M. Patenaude, eds., War, Revolution and Peace in Russia: The Passages of Frank Golder, 1913-1927 (Stanford: Hoover Institution, 1992), pp. 320, 139, 317.
  19. Louis Rapoport, Stalin's War Against the Jews (New York: Free Press, 1990), pp. 30, 31, 37. See also pp. 43, 44, 45, 49, 50.
  20. Quoted in: Salo Baron, The Russian Jews Under Tsars and Soviets (New York: 1976), pp. 170, 392 (n. 4).
  21. The Atlantic, Sept. 1991, p. 14.;
    In 1919, three-quarters of the Cheka staff in Kiev were Jews, who were careful to spare fellow Jews. By order, the Cheka took few Jewish hostages. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 824.; Israeli historian Louis Rapoport also confirms the dominant role played by Jews in the Soviet secret police throughout the 1920s and 1930s. L. Rapoport, Stalin's War Against the Jews (New York: 1990), pp. 30-31, 43-45, 49-50.
  22. E. Radzinsky, The Last Tsar (1992), pp. 244, 303-304.; Bill Keller, "Cult of the Last Czar," The New York Times, Nov. 21, 1990.; See also: W. H. Chamberlin, The Russian Revolution, vol. 2, p. 90.
  23. Quoted in: The New Republic, Feb. 5, 1990, pp. 30 ff.; Because of the alleged anti-Semitism of Russophobia, in July 1992 Shafarevich was asked by the National Academy of Sciences (Washington, DC) to resign as an associate member of that prestigious body.
  24. R. Wilton, The Last Days of the Romanovs (1993), p. 148.
  25. Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 787.; Robert K. Massie, Nicholas and Alexandra (New York: 1976), pp. 496-497.
  26. An article in a 1907 issue of the respected American journal National Geographic reported on the revolutionary situation brewing in Russia in the years before the First World War: " The revolutionary leaders nearly all belong to the Jewish race, and the most effective revolutionary agency is the Jewish Bund " W. E. Curtis, "The Revolution in Russia," The National Geographic Magazine, May 1907, pp. 313-314.
    Piotr Stolypin, probably imperial Russia's greatest statesman, was murdered in 1911 by a Jewish assassin. In 1907, Jews made up about ten percent of Bolshevik party membership. In the Menshevik party, another faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, the Jewish proportion was twice as high. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 365.; See also: R. Wilton, The Last Days of the Romanovs (1993), pp. 185-186.
  27. Martin Gilbert, Atlas of Jewish History (1977), pp. 71, 74.; In spite of the restrictive "Pale" policy, in 1897 about 315,000 Jews were living outside the Pale, most of them illegally. In 1900 more than 20,000 were living in the capital of St. Petersburg, and another 9,000 in Moscow.
  28. Sonja Margolina, Das Ende der Lügen: Russland und die Juden im 20. Jahrhundert (Berlin: 1992). Quoted in: "Ein ganz heisses Eisen angefasst," Deutsche National-Zeitung (Munich), July 21, 1992, p. 12.
  29. Krasnaia Gazetta ("Red Gazette"), September 1, 1918. Quoted in: Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), pp. 820, 912 (n. 88).
  30. Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution (New York: 1990), p. 820.
  31. Contrary to what a number of western historians have for years suggested, Soviet terror and the Gulag camp system did not begin with Stalin. At the end of 1920, Soviet Russia already had 84 concentration camps with approximately 50,000 prisoners. By October 1923 the number had increased to 315 camps with 70,000 inmates. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 836.
  32. Cited by historian Robert Conquest in a review/ article in The New York Review of Books, Sept. 23, 1993, p. 27.
  33. The New York Review of Books, Sept. 23, 1993, p. 27.
  34. Review/article by Robert Conquest in The New York Review of Books, Sept. 23, 1993, p. 27.; In the "Great Terror" years of 1937-1938 alone, Conquest has calculated, approximately one million were shot by the Soviet secret police, and another two million perished in Soviet camps. R. Conquest, The Great Terror (New York: Oxford, 1990), pp. 485-486.;
    Conquest has estimated that 13.5 to 14 million people perished in the collectivization ("dekulakization") campaign and forced famine of 1929-1933. R. Conquest, The Harvest of Sorrow (New York: Oxford, 1986), pp. 301-307.
  35. Russian professor Igor Bestuzhev-Lada, writing in a 1988 issue of the Moscow weekly Nedelya, suggested that during the Stalin era alone (1935-1953), as many as 50 million people were killed, condemned to camps from which they never emerged, or lost their lives as a direct result of the brutal "dekulakization" campaign against the peasantry. "Soviets admit Stalin killed 50 million," The Sunday Times, London, April 17, 1988.;
    R. J. Rummel, a professor of political science at the University of Hawaii, has recently calculated that 61.9 million people were systematically killed by the Soviet Communist regime from 1917 to 1987. R. J. Rummel, Lethal Politics: Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917 (Transaction, 1990).
  36. Because of his revolutionary activities, Lenin was sentenced in 1897 to three years exile in Siberia. During this period of "punishment," he got married, wrote some 30 works, made extensive use of a well-stocked local library, subscribed to numerous foreign periodicals, kept up a voluminous correspondence with supporters across Europe, and enjoyed numerous sport hunting and ice skating excursions, while all the time receiving a state stipend. See: Ronald W. Clark, Lenin (New York: 1988), pp. 42-57.; P. N. Pospelov, ed., Vladimir Ilyich Lenin: A Biography (Moscow: Progress, 1966), pp. 55-75.
  37. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), pp. 187-188.;
  38. The Nation, June 24, 1991, p. 838.
  39. Bill Keller, "Cult of the Last Czar," The New York Times, Nov. 21, 1990.
  40. "Nostalgic for Nicholas, Russians Honor Their Last Czar," Los Angeles Times, July 18, 1993.; "Ceremony marks Russian czar's death," Orange County Register, July 17, 1993.
  41. R. Pipes, The Russian Revolution (1990), p. 787.
     

From The Journal of Historical Review, Jan.-Feb. 1994 (Vol. 14, No. 1), pages 4-22.

 

 

 

 

Communism's Death Toll, and the Jewish Role in Bolshevism

We're relentlessly told that we must "never forget" the "Six Million." But we hear far less
about the vastly greater number of victims of Lenin and Stalin, and the grim legacy of
Soviet Communism. Some 20 million people perished as victims of the Soviet regime,
historians acknowledge. Jews played a decisive role in founding and promoting the
egalitarian-universalist ideology of Marxism, in developing the worldwide Marxist political
movement, and in brutally imposing Bolshevik rule in Russia. With the notable exception
of Lenin, who was one-quarter Jewish, most of the leading Marxists who took control of
Russia in 1917-20 were Jews, including Trotsky, Sverdlov, Zinoviev, Kamenev and Radek.
 
 
 

 
 
The Jewish Role in the Bolshevik Revolution and the Early Soviet Regime
 
Mark Weber
 
 

Jews played a highly disproportionate and probably decisive role in the infant Bolshevik
regime, effectively dominating the Soviet government during its early years ... With the
notable exception of Lenin, most of the leading Communists who took control of Russia
in 1917-20 were Jews ... The US ambassador in Russia warned in a dispatch to Washington:
"The Bolshevik leaders here, most of whom are Jews and 90 percent of whom are returned
exiles, care little for Russia or any other country but are internationalists and they are trying to
start a worldwide social revolution."
 
 
 
__________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

Background:

This is the booklet accompanying a 1942 exhibition on the Soviet Union, organized by

the Nazi Party’s propaganda office. The brochure is 48 pages with numerous black and

white photographs of the exhibition. I translate only a part of it here, and include five

of the photographs. The Nazis put out a “documentary film” with the same title that

supplemented the exhibition. A version of that film with English subtitles is available from

International Historic Films.

 

The source: Das Sowjet-Paradies. Ausstellung der Reichspropagandaleitung der NSDAP.

Ein Bericht in Wort und Bild. Berlin: Zentralverlag der NSDAP., 1942. The German original is available here.

 

The Soviet Paradise

An Exhibition of the Nazi Party Central Propaganda Office

 

As early as 1934 the Reichspropagandaleitung of the NSDAP organized an exhibition

from the available written and visual material. Its goal was to inform

the German people about the dreadful conditions in the Soviet Union.

 

The exhibition’s organizers often had the feeling that their portrayal of conditions in the

Soviet Union was far from accurate. This feeling has since been confirmed — but in an

entirely different manner than expected. Everything that had been said about Bolshevism

before the outbreak of the war with the Soviet Union has been thrown into the shadows

by reality. Words and pictures are not enough to make the tragedy of Bolshevist reality

believable to Europeans. This agrees with what our soldiers repeatedly say. It is impossible

to portray conditions in the Soviet Union without oneself having seen and experienced them.

 

The idea therefore was to provide German citizens with an exhibition based on everyday

life under Bolshevism in order to show them the misery of life there. A number of expeditions

to areas held by our troops were made to gather the necessary original material for the exhibition.

 

Millions of visitors have received an accurate picture of the misery of life under Bolshevism

through the numerous original items. Experts, above all our soldiers, still agree that even

this exhibition does not give a full picture of the misery and hopelessness of the lives of farmers and

workers in the “Soviet Paradise.”

 

“The Riches of the East.”

[This section discusses the Soviet Union’s natural resources.]

 

The Germanic Settlement in the East.

[This section discusses German migrations to the east.]

 

Marxism and Bolshevism — The Invention of Jewry.

Early on, Jewry recognized unlimited possibilities for the Bolshevist

nonsense in the East. This is supported by two facts:

 

1. The inventor of Marxism was the Jew Marx-Mordochai;

 

2. The present Soviet state is nothing other than the realization of that Jewish invention.

The Bolshevist revolution itself stands between these two facts. The Jews exterminated

the best elements of the East to make themselves the absolute rulers of an area from which

they hoped to establish world domination. According to the GPU’s figures, nearly two million

people were executed during the years 1917 to 1921. A direct result of the revolution was

the terrible famine that demanded 19 million victims between 1917 and 1934. Over 21

million people lost their lives though this Jew-incited revolution and its consequences.

 

The Facade of Bolshevism

 

The bloody attacks of Bolshevism into Europe were always accompanied by wild agitation

that claimed that the Soviet Union was the “paradise of farmers and workers.” In reality

this was propaganda, and all the cultural, social and technical advances that Bolshevism

claimed were nothing but a deceptive facade that concealed the gray misery of daily life

under Bolshevism. This is illustrated in the next room of the exhibition. In its center, there

is an original Bolshevist monument mass produced from plaster on a wood frame. One

was found in every city. Because of their poor quality they quickly began crumbling, a

true example of Bolshevist culture. Such monuments intensify the dirty and miserable

atmosphere that all Soviet cities share, interrupted only by a few prestige buildings that

display technical weaknesses. They are built for propaganda purposes, and to

deceive travelers from abroad.

 

These facades, built only for propaganda reasons, are the mark of all Bolshevist cities.

Model streets in the American style are filled with huge buildings with a thousand deficiencies,

which mock the miserable workers who are forced even after 25 years of Bolshevist culture to live

gray and joyless lives.

 

The contrast between government buildings and the general wretched housing is the same

as the difference between military production and those things that are necessary for daily

life. The enormous military expenditures dwarf those of all other nations, but everyday

goods are of wretched quality. The war is not responsible for the population’s lack of cups

and saucers, furniture and beds, the most basic decorative items such as curtains or

inexpensive carpets, not to mention the most necessary items of clothing. Such things are

just as expensive as foodstuffs. A generous estimate of the weekly average wage of a worker

is 100-125 rubles. Here are the costs:

 

1400 rubles for a suit

360 rubles for a pair of shoes

24 rubles for a kilo of butter

22 rubles for a kilo of meat

 

Those were the peacetime prices in the USSR, which does not however mean that such

things could actually be bought. Bad bread and potatoes were the almost exclusive

diet of the miserable population during the Bolshevist system’s 20 years of peace.

 

The glaring contrast between the between the splendid weaponry and the deep poverty

of the people is clear from the living conditions in Moscow, which by the way are neither

better nor worse than those in other Bolshevist cities. Conditions were not particularly good

even before the war in 1913. But by 1928 four people lived in the average room, and six by

1939, independent of whether or not they were related. All usable rooms are jammed full.

Normal dwellings of the kind we are used to in Germany are unknown. Each room is a kitchen,

living room, and bedroom for its inhabitants. If one looks for those responsible for these

miserable conditions, one always finds Jews. Is it not interesting that the word “anti-Semite”

is the worst thing one can be accused of in the Soviet state, for which one all too easily is

sentenced to forced labor or death? A look at the statistics on the

Jewdification of high offices in the Soviet Union makes everything clear.

 

Nearly all the ministries, which the Bolshevists call

“people’s commissions,” are controlled by the Jews.

 

Further proof that the Soviet state belongs to the Jews is the fact that the people are

ruthlessly sacrificed for the goals of the Jewish world revolution. Besides the notorious

Stachanov system, women are systematically degraded to labor slaves. Even during

peace, women increasingly worked even in the hardest jobs such as coal mining and

the smelting industry.

 

A further fact makes clear to the expert that the Jews are behind Soviet industrial structure:

The Woroschilov factory in Minsk was supposed to produce 650 machines tools with a value

of 81 million rubles annually. Given the nature of Jewish thinking, the decisive thing was the

total value of the production. Because of a lack of experts, tools, and parts the factory

produced only 480 machine tools with a value of 59.2 million rubles. To fulfill the plan, the

factory managers secretly built a boiler-maker in the back, which produced goods sold at

black market prices. This made up for the difference of 22 million rubles. The plan was thus

met with production of 81 million rubles, even though 170 too few machines were produced.

 

The Soviet Army — A Terrible Threat to Europe.

 

Ever since the murder of the Tsar, the Jewish-Bolshevist ruling clique in Moscow has planned

the annihilation of Europe. All raw materials and the whole labor force were exploited ruthlessly

to meet this goal. Foreign specialists and engineers were brought in to make up for the

domestic failings. Production figures that astonished the entire world resulted.

This became evident in the Wehrmacht’s figures on captured war booty.

 

180,000,000 people had to work under the most brutal and primitive conditions solely for

armaments production. That is the explanation for the unimaginable amount of Bolshevist

weaponry, most of which has been destroyed or captured in the great battles of

annihilation of the Eastern campaign.

 

This vast armory was intended to help Jewry overrun Europe. In preparation, Bolshevism

had prepared its positions in Finland, the Baltic, Poland, and Bessarabia. These

were the bases from which the decisive blows would be struck against the West.

 

The vast extent of this weaponry, some of which still exists, is perhaps best shown by

the booty of the great encirclement battles of 1941 and the winter battles: 25,000 tanks,

32,000 heavy guns, and 16,000 airplanes were captured or destroyed, and over

4,000,000 prisoners were taken.

 

Classes in a Classless State

 

Bolshevism preached that there would of course be no classes in its paradise, since

only the proletariat would remain after the elimination of the former ruling class. The emptiness

of the claim is obvious to any unprejudiced observer, who can see the degrees of slavery

among the population. The Jewish ruling class and its lackeys are at the top, then the

masses of factory workers in the cities. A deep chasm separates them from the totally

impoverished collective farmers. Bolshevism intentionally created these great

differences for two reasons:

 

1. To lure the masses to the cities to support the Bolshevist armaments program;

 

2. To give the workers the impression that they are better off than the farmers and to

deceive them into believing that their primitive and miserable life is wonderful in comparison

to that of the collective farmers. The workers do not and cannot know that by our standards

their existence is wretched, since they are hermetically sealed off from the rest of the

world. Beside the workers and the collective farmers, there are two classes without any

rights at all: the members of the former intelligentsia and the middle class, who are not

of proletarian descent. There are also forced laborers, who are used as cheap and defenseless

slaves in the vast uncultivated regions. Millions of them die as the result of bad food, poor

accommodations and hard work.

 

The GPU — The Terror Instrument of Jewish Bolshevism

 

The brutal terror Bolshevism exercises through the GPU is perhaps the best answer to

the frequent question of why the Bolshevists fight so bitterly at the front. 25 years of terror

have produced a gray and broken mass who silently follow orders because that is their only

way to remain alive. Resistance means death, often the death of the entire family. The

bestial terror regime of the Jewish GPU is best seen in the sadistic methods of torture used

against supposed “enemies.”

 

The exhibition includes an execution cell from a GPU dungeon. According to a captured

commissar, nearly 5,000 people were shot by the GPU in five years behind its iron bars.

 

The cell is tiled. The condemned were brought to the cell and shot in the back of the neck.

The corpses were moved to the side and sprayed with a hose to wash away the blood.

A fan provided fresh air so that the next victim would not faint from the blood,

because he was to remain conscious until the last moment.

 

Another narrow cell was used to secure confessions. Prisoners were forced to kneel for hours.

If they stood up they hit the ceiling and set off an alarm, and a spotlight was aimed toward

them. If they sat on the small seat they got an electric shock that forced

them off. A wooden prong on the door pressed against their stomachs.

 

The worst of all terror institutes of the GPU are the forced labor camps in which millions

of innocent victims die every year. Only rarely do they know why they were taken from

their families and jobs to work in the icy wastes of Workuta or any of the numerous other

labor camps. Most of them are there only because free labor was needed somewhere in

the wilderness. No one cared about them. They were shipped there under the principle:

“People? We have enough of such trash.”

 

The unhappy victims, condemned with or without cause,

follow a miserable path from which death is the only real escape.

 

It begins with a spy, often a member of one’s own family. One night the GPU knocks on

the door and takes its victim. Put in narrow cells, worn out by endless interrogations.

and finally forced to confess by the usual methods of torture, with or without a verdict,

they are transported to forced labor camps with inadequate food, often in the bitter cold.

Many die on the way. In the forced labor camps themselves, they are stuffed into small

barracks. The pitiful food ration depends on the amount of work done. It is never enough,

and the hard work soon leads to exhaustion. The smallest offense is punished severely

by a spell in an ice cell. Continual overwork, bad food, and the lack of sanitary facilities

soon lead to serious illness. The sick forced laborers are put on starvation rations to speed

their deaths, for the GPU has no interest in weak workers. They must be disposed of as

quickly as possible.

 

Very few forced laborers return to freedom. Kajetan Klug was one of them. He was a

leader of the Marxist Defense League in Linz. After the unsuccessful insurrection of

February 1934, he had to flee the revenge of the Dolfuß regime. His route led him through

Czechoslovakia to the land of his dreams, the “Paradise of Farmers and Workers.” In

Moscow he took over the leadership of the Austrian emigrants and became a party

member. But he soon learned the misery of the workers and farmers. When he openly

criticized these conditions, he was accused of espionage. He was arrested, tortured,

acquitted, and finally condemned with no proof to 5 years of forced labor in Central

Asia. The wintry wasteland of Workuta finally opened his eyes to the real nature of the

“Paradise of Farmers and Workers.” A few days before the beginning of the war with

the Soviet Union, he succeeded in escaping to the German embassy.

Along with the embassy personnel, he was able to reach Germany.

 

The Misery of the Collective Farmers

[This section discusses life on collective farms.]

 

The Life of the Worker in the Soviet Paradise

 

Wherever one looks there is poverty, misery, decay, and hunger. This true both of the

countryside and the cities. The atmosphere of Bolshevist cities, too, is grim and depressing.

 

The exhibition here, all the experts agree, is particularly genuine. It always astonishes, for

the simple reason that the terrible things it makes visible are real. Here is a Bolshevist

culture park, with its mass produced sculptures that cannot endure the weather because

of their poor quality. They add to the atmosphere of general atmosphere of decay that all

cities in the land of the Bolshevists share. There, just as it was originally, is a collapsing

barracks, a so-called home for students, standing in the shadow of a university built on

the American model. Its wretched inhabitants at least have a good view of the prestige

buildings. From a distance, one cannot see that the quality of every aspect of the

buildings is wretched.

 

The interior of the dormitory corresponds to its exterior. Broken chairs, a damaged bed

with torn coverings, a shabby ceiling, a few propaganda posters and books, an old curtain:

That is the room of the dormitory leader. As many as eleven less fortunate inhabitants

are packed into the other rooms. A washroom for 63 students, without running water, is next

to the dormitory leader’s room.

 

Look into any side street. A dark hole of a shop with the most primitive things: paper

clothing (in peace time!), bread, a few cans and bottles. A modest supply of everyday

items. It is a government shop. It is governmental because there are no shopkeepers in

the Soviet “paradise,” at least in our sense. Nor are there any craftsmen or independent

merchants, since private property has been abolished. Next door there is the workshop of

a private cobbler, an exception to the usual ban on private property, since he works on his

own and is not a member of the normal collective. Still, high taxes take a large part

of his modest income, which is hardly enough to provide for himself and his family.

 

Hidden behind a pile of garbage in a courtyard in the center of Minsk is a restaurant,

also a state enterprise. It is miserably equipped. The guests need to bring their own

eating utensils. Such items are rare enough so that they would otherwise be stolen.

And this is not a place for the poor. It is frequented by managers and government

officials. The manager has a special room for his favored guests with several shabby

upholstered chairs. The food itself comes from a factory and is always the same,

which led to constant complaints in the comment book. And that in peace time!

 

Alongside the prestige buildings of the university, there are numerous wretched workers’

dwellings. One of them was removed to be part of the exhibition along with all its furnishings.

Six families lived here. Each had a single room that served as bedroom, kitchen, and

storage room. There was no running water, and the women all agreed that things were so

crowded they could never get things in order. Still, they thought these were good rooms

since at least they were dry and warm. Many of their comrades lived in wet basements,

in caves, or had no roof over their head at all, since the city government did not

worry about the many homeless. Everywhere there was desolation and apathy.

 

Even worse than all this misery is the complete disruption of family life, indeed the

beginning of its complete elimination. The exhibition includes one of those offices where

marriages are performed for a charge of 50 rubles, without any need for documents.

There are countless cases in which men and women have been married numerous times,

without ever getting divorced from their previous spouses. The reason is that papers are

rarely checked carefully.

 

The result of such terrible disruption of marriages and families must inevitably lead to

complete misery and decay of the youth. The exhibition shows this by the example of

the Besprisornys. These gangs of boys from 4 to 15 rob and steal to support themselves.

They live in collapsing buildings and caves. According to people in Minsk, a city of 300,000,

there are 3,000 such orphaned children. These deserted children say that they never knew

their fathers or mothers, and have no names. They do not know how old they are. One

such Besprisornys gang was captured and put in a German orphanage. Their clothing

is on mannequins that give a realistic picture of how these unfortunate children lived in complete

misery in the “Soviet Paradise.”

 

Many displays give a picture of everyday life in the Soviet Paradise. A doctor’s office

deserves special notice. It gives the lie to all the Bolshevist propaganda about the

“exemplary social condition” in the Soviet Union. As a result of the abolition of private

property, the doctor is a poorly paid state employee earning 400 rubles a month. She

has three rooms, one of which she lives in, one a waiting room, and one the treatment

room. The medicines and equipment, the operating table and everything else are

unbelievably primitive and do not meet even the minimum hygienic standards. This doctor

had 30,000 people to care for, many of whom lived more than a day’s travel from her office.

 

“Europe Enters”

 

Poverty, misery, decay, hunger, and need wherever one looks: That is the Soviet

paradise that our soldiers experience every day, and that millions of exhibition visitors

encountered in many original displays that give them a genuine picture of the so loudly

praised social accomplishments of the Jewish-Soviet state. He who has seen the exhibition

understands the historic conflict in which we are now engaged, a conflict in which there

can be no compromise. There are only two possible outcomes: Either the German

people will win and ensure the survival of the world and its culture, or it will perish and all

the peoples of the world will fall into the barbarism of the Soviet state that has reduced millions to

powerless starving slaves.

 

To stop that from happening, the best elements of Europe are fighting under German

leadership at the side of our soldiers to destroy the fateful threat to the life and culture

of Europe. Our battle is to free the East, along with its vast and inexhaustible riches and

agricultural resources, and to save Europe from the nightmare that has threatened it for millennia.

In the words of the Führer:

 

“In defeating this enemy, we remove a danger from the German Reich and all of Europe
more severe than any it has faced since the Mongol hordes swarmed across the continent.” 
 
 
 

 
 
________________________________________________________
 
 
  1. The Ritual Talmudic Execution and Torture Methods of the ...

    wetheonepeople.com/...torture-methods-of-the-bolshevik...

    In Soviet overrun the Bolshevik methods of torture and the inflicting

  2. ritualistic murder was openly encouraged. Several sources tell how

  3. Chekists in Kharkov placed their victims in a row. Then, having nailed

  4. their hands to a table their torturers cut around their wrists with a knife.

  5.  Boiling water was poured over the skin was peeled off.


  6. Torture methods used by the CHEKA (1924) - alphahistory.com

    alphahistory.com/.../torture-methods-cheka-1924

    Torture methods used by the CHEKA (1924) In 1924, Russian writer

  7. Sergei Melgunov published a detailed account of violence and torture

  8. during the Bolshevik Red Terror. In this grim extract, he outlines some

  9.  of the extreme torture methods employed by CHEKA agents (here

  10.  referred to as “Excommers”).


  11. Jewish Bolshevik Bestial Tortures - Renegade Tribune

    www.renegadetribune.com/...jewish-bolshevik-bestial-tortures

    In effect, the horrors of WWI, WWII, disabilities, deformities and

  12.  mutations caused by the Jewish radioactive weapons, including

  13.  DU, are part of this extermination by slow torture already, as

  14. are the weaponized medical practices to ‘treat’ cancer, the

  15. radiotherapy and chemotherapy that are surely slow means of

  16. torture when the non-intrusive, harmless and 100% …


  17. Crimes of the Bolsheviks – Darkmoon

    www.darkmoon.me/2011/crimes-of-the-bolsheviks

    The orgy of murder, torture and pillage which followed the Jewish

  18. triumph in Russia [after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917] has

  19. never been equaled in the history of the world….The Jews were

  20. free to indulge their most fervent fantasies of mass murder of

  21. helpless victims. Christians were dragged from their beds,

  22. tortured and killed.


  23. Torture Methods - Communist Torture Methods: The Craft of ...

    www.doomedsoldiers.com/torture-methods-of-ub.html

    The last named method causes the skin on one’s hands to burst

  24. and the blood to flow from underneath one’s fingernails. The

  25. torture is applied passionlessly in a premeditated manner.

  26. Those who faint are revived with a morphine shot. Before the

  27.  torture session [ensue] some receive booster shots

  28. [Pol. zastrzyki wzmacniające].